Discussion | So you interpret your results (5 steps)

Are you in the hot phase of your academic work and must now interpret your results and write a discussion?

Do not panic.

Find out everything you need to know in order to conjure up a very good discussion of the hat and reflect on your results at a scientific level.

Why ever write a discussion?

If the results are the heart of your scientific work, then the discussion is the lungs. Without them your findings would simply stay away the air. to write a discussion is absolutely essential for every thesis and also for homework strongly recommended.

By writing a discussion you miss your work an inherent power . Work that is based on pure literature work, a strong discussion depend. The assessment of your work is based in large part on how you have your results (and this may also be the results of a literature search)

I can not stress enough how important this is. It is important ULTRA. And now I will show you how to do it.

While the results are presented without any value and descriptively in the body of your work, it is important to assess these results in the discussion. This you can do by using several approaches:

  • Interpret results
  • in relation to existing literature
  • reasoning, independent assessment

If you’ve taken all three of these steps, your discussion is complete. I will discuss each of these steps in detail, but first we need one more thing. A structure

As with all the other chapters of your scientific work, you should not write blind your discussion but follow a plan.

Discussion structure ( 1)


To write a discussion, you need a clear structure or structure after you proceed. The debate is perhaps the most important chapter of the entire work, so you should leave nothing to chance.

The following tip is worth the outline of your discussion Gold:

Convert research questions into sub-headings to.

The discussion is primarily a matter of answering your previously formulated research questions largely. Did you just a research question, of course not work as well, unless it contains several components. Two research questions, however, this structure is perfectly suitable.

Another way in empirical work: Instead of using the research questions you can the hypotheses here as a pillar of your Talk


Let’s say, your research questions are as follows:

  1. can Augmented Reality Apps are used for process optimization in logistics management? does the user experience of AR apps on the technology acceptance of logistics professionals?

The structure of the discussion on this work might look like this:

6th Talk

6.1 Process optimization in logistics management by AR apps

What the results of the literature research mean?

What problems / opportunities arising from this new issue?

6.2. The impact of user-experience elements on the Technology Acceptance

What the results of the expert interviews / survey etc mean.?

How do the results arranged into the existing literature? (Specify sources!)

6.3 Practical implications

What the results in practice mean? (Alternative: For science / theory)

The scope of your talk depends on the length of your work.

  • a 15-page housework 2-3 pages are appropriate.
  • 30-page thesis requires correspondingly 5-7 pages.
  • Working with 60 or more pages may include about 10-12 pages discussion.

Grab some now the complete solution for writing an outstanding Housework:

Your results interpreted ( 2)

The simplest of all possibilities, it is at this point, the result durchzuscannen part of your work from cover to cover and charge each of your own judgment.

Empirical work

For example, if the influence of variable A on variable B is significant, then stands in the results section only that it is so. Mostly in the form of tables, etc., with an accompanying text that describes the whole thing into words .

In the discussion you now allowed to judge what it even means that a significant effect is. The same principle applies to all other empirical work and qualitative nature.

Literature-based work

If (watch a video here: Write Literature Review) your Literature review revealed that certain niches of the topic is not covered? What does the research focused, what aspects they neglected? Discuss content level what you found out. Reflecting on the meta-level, how did you do it and what it (n) means in order to answer the research question.


results related to literature ( 3)

This is so cool. The next step of your discussion put your results and their interpretation in relation to existing research. The good news is that you’ve worked up this already in Literature Review. This means that you here must raise no new sources .

Here again the simplest approach, the Syndicate of your literature chapter with your results. For a work based only on literature, this part is less important essential for a thesis causing other method, however.

Imagine the following questions:

  • did my work done differently than in the literature described?
  • is consistent with previous findings from the literature?
  • my findings some authors? can enrich the literature or complement existing work my results?

Do you use in your work a theoretical background or a specific model, now is the time to use your results to it.

implications discuss ( 4)

Scientific works, which are related to the working world can be optionally provided with a (sub) chapter that highlights practical implications. By this is meant that the results worked out now actually as mean out there for the world. You can treat it in the discussion integrate or as a separate chapter.

In the BWL, the recommendations for management decisions could be

in the health sector could arise consequences for the design of processes in hospitals,

Media scientists could consider implications for media production or distro,

machine builder application scenarios for industrial projects …

and so on. Pretty much every discipline can make a reference to the practice. Finally, for each degree program and relevant professional fields.

My assessment by logical reasoning ( 5)

The discussion of a scientific paper reflects your personal contribution . Have you neglected to write the discussion, an expert will claim that your work is too descriptive. This danger is especially when working only based on literature. To counter this, you should invest much time and brain power is to write your discussion.

Do you want to write a discussion that leaves a lasting impression? Then prove impressive skills. The style of a discussion may be a little different from what prevails in your Literature Review. It does not have every sentence with a source occupied, but you must let your thoughts run wild a little.

This does not mean that you should ignore the scientific writing style or settest daring theses. It is still important that you stay close to the literature, but just with your own conclusions.

A property with which to stand out from the average outstanding work is the ability of critical reflection (a bad spelling!). Look at the literature, as well as your own results always there to be superficial and imprecise from all sides without.

Take a clear position cast your arguments in concrete.

Question everything and you’ll realize what means studying.

Your notes will confirm you.

So, these were my tips for a print-like discussion. If you need more help launch your scientific work, then still have a PDF for you, you free Download can watch.


Do you want to write a discussion that can help you the steps here:

  • the entire chapter before you start writing the Talk
  • your results
  • sources!) Set them
  • with the literature (and theory) from your literature section in conjunction
  • about practical implications
  • a strong, critical position, which is based on facts and logic
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Khloe Ortiz