The structure: the heart of the bachelor thesis

The structure: the heart of the bachelor thesis

If you have finally found the topic for your own bachelor thesis, you tend to think that the coarsest work has already been done and now it can be read aloud in the library. The most difficult and at the same time most important task of any scientific work is yet to come: the selection and ordering of his thoughts along a red thread of the bachelor thesis, ie the conception of an outline. The structure is the core of every scientific work. Later, it is not just the table of contents of your bachelor thesis and thus defines the structure of the text, but it also follows your own argumentation along it. At the same time, the structure has to fit the question of the work and provide results for the conclusion in the course of the argumentation. Paying attention to all these issues causes difficulties for many students. Since you can sweat quickly, if the supervisor of the bachelor thesis until the next meeting times just a shaken out of the sleeve structure on the table will be. However, if you pay attention to a few points, the outline becomes the guide for your text and you can write a scientific paper in a few days.

From the topic of the bachelor thesis to the outline

There are different approaches to finding the appropriate structure for the topic of his bachelor thesis. The focal point of the structure should always be the focal point of the work around which the individual chapters are arranged and give conclusive arguments. But how do I set chapters for my work and how do I manage to arrange them meaningfully? Generic terms can help to clarify the individual categories of his bachelor thesis and to differentiate them from each other. Hierarchization of these generic terms can then help to determine the upper and lower chapters of the Bachelor thesis. Once you have defined the different categories of the work, you are faced with the step of the meaningful arrangement of the individual topics. A visualization through a mind map is very effective in this structuring phase. The focus of every mind map should be the focal point of the work, that is, the topic or the question on which the outline framework is set up. Some topics are suitable as a separate chapter, under which several subchapters can be taken. Other topics may turn out to be isolated, and yet other topics are not as crucial to addressing the issue as initially thought and should be left out.

Which is the right structure for my bachelor thesis?

Googling for structures on the Internet, you come across countless different outline models. But which of the seemingly endless models fits my topic? Should I proceed chronologically or rather systematically? Would a relational structure or a cause-and-effect structure be the right one for my topic? In general, it can be said that the chronological and systematic classification are the most widely used models of structure for scientific work. For topics with a temporal development one should rather think of a chronological structure. Subjects with the same weighting of the individual items should rather be dealt with in the form of a systematic structure. However, it certainly helps in the conception process to break away from the classic outline models that the Internet lists and to become creative. The only standard should be the classical classification of the structure in the introduction, the main part and the conclusion, whereby the introduction and the conclusion should each amount to ten percent and the main part eighty percent of the text. The main part can then be designed individually and according to the discipline: For a bachelor thesis in chemistry, perhaps a very fact-oriented structure is suitable, a work in German studies may possibly tell a kind of story. As long as the argument follows a logical sequence, there are no limits to creativity.

A swing in the topic of the bachelor thesis – Do I have to adapt my structure?

The topic and the question of the bachelor thesis are usually not set in stone and sometimes have to be changed or realigned during the long work process by new insights. Not infrequently, this also changes the red thread of the bachelor thesis. Now it should also be thought about changes in the structure, as this should eventually support the common thread and the reasoning of their own work in the best possible way. While this sounds alarming, it is a normal part of every work process. Because a good structure develops and changes in the writing process of a scientific work. The revision is also usually not as serious as it seems at first glance. For small changes in the topic or a new focus setting, it is often sufficient if you switch individual points of the outline or aligned to the changed issue. Often, changes only occur in some parts of the work and many chapters of the original work remain unaffected by the changes. One should not cling too much to his first draft outline and be open to change.

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Khloe Ortiz

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